Benghazi, following the capital city Tripoli, is the second largest city in Libya. Benghazi overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. The city, known as a Grecian settlement under the name “Eusperides”, was designed in a way that the Lake of Benghazi, which was founded before the year 525 BC, is located in its center. The population of the city, based to 2006’s census population, reached roughly 674,951 people; whereas, the number reached roughly 1,087,000, based to 2010’s census population. The total area of the city is roughly 43,535 square kilometers.
Benghazi is characterized with its warm weather and a semi-dry climate. However, the climate in the northern part of the city, where the largest mountain in the eastern part - Green Mountain - is located, is a Mediterranean Sea’s. The climate in the southern part is semi-desert. Summer in Benghazi is hot and dry; whereas, winter is moderate with occasion rains that reach roughly 268 mm annually.
The demographic structure of the city consists of a mixture of races back originally to Arabic, Barbaric, Turkish, and Greek descendants, coming from eastern, western, and southern parts of Libya.
Benghazi, also, is characterized with its strategic location on the Mediterranean Sea, which is the cross point of the convoys coming from African areas to European coasts. Moreover, the city was in the way of the pilgrim convoys heading from north Africa to Arabian Peninsula. As a result, the city was a refuge of a number of immigrations within and without Libya. Side by side with Tripoli, Benghazi became one of the most important cultural centers in Libya during the kingdom regime in 1960s. Yet, the historical status of Benghazi has continued till nowadays.
Moreover, Benghazi includes a number of local health centers as well as a number of big clinics and hospitals. Benghazi, in addition, is characterized with a majority of its areas and countrysides.